Question =Is ligroinpolar ornonpolar?Answer =ligroinisNonpolarWhat is polarand non-polar?Polar"In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole ormultipolemomentPolar molecules must contain polar bonds due to a difference in electronegativity between the bonded atoms A polar molecule with two or more polar bonds must have an asymmetric geometry so that the bond dipoles do not cancel each otherPolar molecules interact through dipole–dipole intermolecular forces and hydrogen bonds Polarity underlies a number of physical properties including surface tension, solubility, and melting and boiling points" (Wikipedia)Polar moleculesA polar molecule has a net dipole as a result of the opposing charges (iehavingpartial positive and partial negative charges) from polar bonds arranged asymmetrically (Wikipedia) Picture: water is a polar moleculeExample polar moleculesAmmonia (NH3)Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S)Nonpolar moleculesA molecule may be nonpolar either when there is an equal sharing of electrons between the two atoms of a diatomic molecule or because of the symmetrical arrangement of polar bonds in a more complex molecule (Wikipedia)Picture:Carbon dioxideExample molecules non polarTolueneGasolineHelium (He)Neon (Ne)Krypton (Kr)Xenon (Xe)Hydrogen (H2)Nitrogen (N2)Oxygen (O2)Carbon Dioxide (CO2)Methane (CH4)Ethylene (C2H4)List molecules polar andnon polarMolecules polarSCN- (Thiocyanate)HCO3- (Bicarbonate)BrCl3 (Bromine Trichloride)HCO3-1AsCl3 (Trichloroarsine)OCl2NO2Cl (Nitryl chloride)CH3F (Fluoromethane)H3O+HydroniumClF(Chlorine monofluoride)ClF3 (Chlorine trifluoride)CF2Cl2 (Dichlorodifluoromethane)SeF4CH3OCH3 (Dimethyl ether)CH3CH2OH (Ethanol)NH2-BrF3 (BROMINE TRIFLUORIDE)CH3NH2 (Methylamine)CH2Br2 (Dibromomethane)HI (Hydrogen iodide)NH4NO3 (Ammonium nitrate)IF5 (Hydrogen cyanide)OH2 (Hydroxide)C2Cl2NO+ (nitrilooxonium)SBr2ICl4+NOCH3OH (Methanol)SCl6NOBr(Nitrosyl bromide)CH4O (Methanol)ICl3 (Iodinetrichloride)BrF5 (BROMINE PENTAFLUORIDE)PCl5 (PHOSPHORUS PENTACHLORIDE)CH2F2 (Difluoromethane)SeH2 (Hydrogenselenide)COS (Cobalt sulfide)OF2 (Oxygendifluoride)H2SO4 (SULFURIC ACID)H2CO (Formaldehyde)NF3 (NITROGEN TRIFLUORIDE)C2H2Br2 (Acetylenedibromide)TeF4SCNCLO3- (Chlorate)ICl5ureaSO2Cl2 (Sulfuryl chloride)H2Se (Hydrogenselenide)NH2XeO3SbF3CaCl2 (CALCIUM CHLORIDE)AsF3 (ARSENIC TRIFLUORIDE)C2H2 (Ethyne)BrFCl2OIF3 (Iodinetrifluoride)SH2SCl4CO (Carbon monoxide)H3OHNO3 (NITRIC ACID)N2H2NBr3So3 2-CH3COOH (acetic acid)saltSeO2nitrogentrifluorideCCl2F2N2H4C2H5OHNoCl(NITROSYL CHLORIDE)C2H6O (Ethanol-d6)SOCl2H3O+ (Hydronium)CHF3 (Fluoroform)HClO(HYPOCHLOROUS ACID)NI3 (Nitrogen triiodide)NaCl (sodium chloride)AsH3 (Arsine)NH2ClOCS (Carbonyl sulfide)SiCl2F2glucoseCH3N2OPoCl3 (PHOSPHORUS OXYCHLORIDE)MgCl2vinegarIOF5phosphateCHBr3 (Bromoform)ICl(IODINE MONOCHLORIDE)carbonmonoxidesulfurdioxidePBr3 (PHOSPHORUS TRIBROMIDE)SF2 (Sulfurdifluoride)NH3 (ammonia)SO2 (sulfur dioxide)CH2Cl2 (DICHLOROMETHANE)SF4H2S (hydrogen sulfide)CHCl3 (CHLOROFORM)PCl3 (PHOSPHORUS TRICHLORIDE)SCl2 (Sulfurdichloride)PH3 (Phosphine)CH2O (Formaldehyde)HF (HYDROFLUORIC ACID)HBr(HYDROBROMIC ACID)NCl3 (Nitrogentrichloride)PF3 (Phosphorustrifluoride)ethylacetateNO3- (nitrate)NO2 (Nitrogen dioxide)H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide)CH3Br (Bromomethane)cn- (cyanide)O3 (OZONE)CH3CL (Chloromethane)ammoniaOH- (Hydroxide)NO2-COCl2 (Cobalt(II) chloride)glycerolohchloroformnitrogentrichloridebenzoicacidetherno3CLF5methylene chloridesodiumchlorideCH3SHNa2SO4sodiumacetateCaCO31-butanolClo-C4H10librcabr2 (Calcium bromide)CH3CN (ACETONITRILE)CH3CH2CH2OHC6H12O6LiNO3 (Lithium nitrate)MgOSeOBr2clo3c3h7ohnai(Sodium iodide)glycerinebri5BrO2ammoniumchlorideCF3ClBF2ClIBrGaCl3KMnO4 (POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE)Na2S (sodium sulfide)KOH (POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE)HCOOHKBr(POTASSIUM BROMIDE)carbohydratesClO4Cl2COclo2-succinicacidH2SO3 (Sulfurous acid)sodiumnitrateethyneNO2FCCL3F (Fluorotrichloromethane)ammoniumibr3fluoromethaneC2H5ClTeCl42-propanolstarchch2clXeOF4SnCl2SCO (Carbonyl sulfide)SbBr3H2CSHC2H3O2po(oh)3Propanol1-propanolbro3-ch3ch2ch2ch3CF2Br2acetic acidanilineCFchlorine trifluoridephenolclo2potassium permanganateCH2Snitrogen monoxidech3choglassSHCOH2SOF4DNACH3CH2NH2Malonic Acidethylene glycolisopropyl alcoholhydrogen bromideSeCl4hydrogen peroxideozonec3h6oformaldehydepo3 3difluoromethaneaspirinCHCl2rubbing alcoholfluorene orfluorenolvitamin cHClnitratedimethyl etherSClif4+Molecules non polarHBrO(Hypobromous acid)SiF4 (Silicontetrafluoride)CH3CH3 (Ethane)N2 (Nitrogen)CO3 2- (Carbonate)Heptane-XeO4 (Xenontetroxide)KNO3 (Potassium nitrate)CH3I (Methyl iodide)CBr4 (Carbontetrabromide)AlCl3 (Aluminumtrichloride)C6H6 (benzene)NH4BrC2H4Cl2 (dichloroethane)ligroinSO4 2- (Sulfate)C2H4SF6 (Sulfur hexafluoride)BH3 (Borane)C2F2 (Ethyne)C6H14 (HEXANE)PO4 3- (phosphate)GeH4 (Germane)PBr5 (Phosphorus pentabromide)NH4 (ammonium)waxCI4 (Tetraiodomethane)bbr3 (BORON TRIBROMIDE)H2 (Hydrogen)IF4-BeF2 (Berylliumdifluoride)I2 (Iodine)GaH3 (Gallane)SeBr4 (Seleniumtetrabromide)KrF4SiBr4C2H6 (Ethane)O2 (Oxygen)biphenylPO4 3P4 (Phosphorustetramer)SO4 2-naphthaleneXeCl2BrCl5SeF6SeO3SiH4 (silane)carbontetrabromideAsF5 (Arsenic pentafluoride)BeH2 (Berylliumhydride)SiO2KrF2CH2cholesterolF2 (Fluorine)pentaneClF2C3H8PropanecyclohexanetolueneSiCl4 (Tetrachlorosilane)chlorinePF5 (Pentafluorophosphorane)BrClCO2 (carbon dioxide)CCl4 (CARBON TETRACHLORIDE)XeF2CS2 (CARBON DISULFIDE)SO3 (SULFUR TRIOXIDE)XeF4 (Xenontetrafluoride)BCl3 (BORON TRICHLORIDE)BeCl2 (Berylliumdichloride)CF4 (CARBON TETRAFLUORIDE)Cl2 (Chlorine)Br2 (Bromine)Hexanecarbondioxidei3-carbontetrachloridecarbon disulfidemethaneglycinesulfurtrioxidebenzophenoneoxygenAlF3 (Aluminum fluoride)berylliumdichlorideC8H18 (octane)C2Cl4PF6-XeCl4SbF5 (ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE)CH3CH2CH3C5H12 (PENTANE)silanes8BF4BF4-SeCl6BeBr2BeI2CSe2Pcl4C3H6AlH3 (Aluminumtrihydride)TeO3 (Telluriumtrioxide)Br-BrAsCl5octanecarbonate ionsClF4 plusacidskeroseneacetyleneC-CethaneCClCl4cbrsulfatebuttertriglyceridesgreaseberyllium chloridecarbon tetrafluoridebutanesilicon tetrafluoridenitrogenICl2-brominehydrocarbonHEboron trichlorideCSsulfur hexafluoridesis2xenon tetrafluorideCH4vitamin eIonicNaBrKClNaFkfNaNO3caokiliflicl(LITHIUM CHLORIDE)ammoniumsulfateMgF2Resources:https://enwikipedia
*
*
*